Home Information of Peru Climate and when to go


Weather

Peru has three main climatic zones: the tropical Amazon jungle to the east; the arid coastal desert to the west; and the Andean mountains and highlands in the middle of the country. In the Andes, which have altitudes over 3500m, average daily temperatures fall below 10°C (50°F) and overnight temperatures can dip well below freezing. Travelers flying straight into Cusco (3326m) should allow time to acclimatize.

From June to August is the dry season in the mountains and highlands and the wettest months are from December to March. In the hot and humid rainforest it rains all the time, but the driest months there are from June to September. However, even during the rain season from December to May, it rarely rains for more than a few hours at a time. Along the Peruvian coast, the hot months are from December through March. In some parts of the coastal strip it rains rarely, if at all. From April to November, Lima and other areas by the Pacific Ocean are enclosed in garúa (coastal fog, mist or drizzle) because warmer air masses off the desert drift over the cold water streams ub the ocean.

When to go

Peru’s climate has two main seasons, the wet and the dry season. Although the weather varies a lot depending on the geographical region. The temperature is mostly depending on the elevation: the higher you climb, the cooler it becomes.

The tourist high season is from June to August, because that is the cooler dry season in the Andean highlands and summer vacation in the United States and Europe. This is also the best (but busiest) time to go trekking on the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, or climbing, hiking and mountain biking elsewhere.

People visit the highlands all year, but the wettest months of December to March make trekking a wet and muddy activity. Many of the major fiestas, such as La Virgen de la Candelaria, Carnaval and Semana Santa, occur in the wettest months and continue even during heavy rainstorms.

On the coastal area, Peruvians like to visit the beaches during the most hot and humid time of the year, from late December through March. In central and southern Peru, the coast is covered in garúa (coastal fog) for the rest of the year. Although the southern beaches are deserted then, the coastal cities can be visited at any time. In the north, the coast usually sees more sun, so beach lovers can hang out there year-round.

In the eastern rainforest the wettest months are December through May, but even then there is enough sunshine to enjoy. The rainfalls are heavy and short, so the Amazon can be a good travel destination for the whole year.

 

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